By Narayan Yoganandan, Alan M. Nahum, John W. Melvin, The Medical College of Wisconsin Inc
This ebook presents a cutting-edge examine the utilized biomechanics of unintentional damage and prevention. The editors, Drs. Narayan Yoganandan, Alan M. Nahum and John W. Melvin are well-known foreign leaders and researchers in harm biomechanics, prevention and trauma drugs. they've got assembled popular researchers as authors for 29 chapters to hide person features of human damage review and prevention.
This 3rd variation is carefully revised and accelerated with new chapters in numerous fields. issues lined tackle car, aviation, army and different environments. box info assortment; harm coding/scaling; harm epidemiology; mechanisms of harm; human tolerance to harm; simulations utilizing experimental, complicated computational types (finite point modeling) and statistical techniques; anthropomorphic try gadget layout, improvement and validation for crashworthiness functions in subject matters pointed out above; and present rules are lined. threat features and harm standards for varied physique areas are integrated. grownup and pediatric populations are addressed. The exhaustive record of references in lots of parts besides the newest advancements is efficacious to all these concerned or intend to pursue this crucial subject on human damage biomechanics and prevention.
The improved variation will curiosity various students and pros together with physicians, biomedical researchers in lots of disciplines, simple scientists, lawyers and jurists focused on unintended harm instances and governmental our bodies. it's was hoping that this e-book will foster multidisciplinary collaborations by way of clinical and engineering researchers and academicians and practising physicians for damage evaluation and prevention and stimulate extra utilized study, schooling and coaching within the box of accidental-injury causation and prevention.
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Additional info for Accidental Injury: Biomechanics and Prevention
Men have a greater crosssectional area of bone than women, based on quantitative CT data and women have a lower bone volumetric density than men. The association between hip fracture and falls has been documented [119–121] and is attributed to the increased risk of falling among the elderly. However, the etiology of injury is unclear. A search of the literature showed that falls are blamed for hip fracture and it is accepted almost universally that “Grandma fell and broke her hip”. A biomechanical argument is provided in this section to demonstrate that the fall is due to hip fracture.
33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. of the spinal subdural space: ultrastructure ﬁndings. Anesth Analg 94(4):991–995, table of contents Yamashima T (2000) The inner membrane of chronic subdural hematomas: pathology and pathophysiology. Neurosurg Clin N Am 11(3):413–424 Andrews BT, Dujovny M, Mirchandani HG, Ausman JI (1989) Microsurgical anatomy of the venous drainage into the superior sagittal sinus. Neurosurgery 24(4):514–520 Ehrlich E, Maxeiner H, Lange J (2003) Postmortem radiological investigation of bridging vein ruptures.
93] who subjected restrained cadavers to frontal decelerations on a sled. They instrumented the seat pan with a load cell which measured both the vertical component of the lapbelt load and the transmitted spinal load due to the shoulder belt, as shown in Fig. 13. Several thoracolumbar fractures were found in the cadaveric spines, as evidence of the existence of a compressive load in the lumbar spine. This load is due to the straightening of the kyphotic thoracic spine when the chest is restrained from moving forward during a frontal crash.
Accidental Injury: Biomechanics and Prevention by Narayan Yoganandan, Alan M. Nahum, John W. Melvin, The Medical College of Wisconsin Inc