By Sigmund Koch, David E. Leary
This reissued version (originally released via McGraw-Hill in 1985) of "A Century of Psychology as technology" assesses the accomplishments, prestige and customers of psychology on the finish of its first century as a technological know-how, whereas providing a brand new postscript. The essays replicate the forty three individuals' particular disciplines, but communicate to the wider thematic factor of "fundamental psychology". one of the fields addressed are sensory strategies and belief, studying, motivation, emotion, cognition, improvement, character and social psychology. This paintings experiences psychology's first century and goals to supply a clean perception on psychology because it enters its moment century.
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Extra resources for A Century of psychology as science
Collected works. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1979. (Originally published, 1 86 5 . ) Robinson, D . N. Systems of modem psychology: A critical sketch. New York: Columbia University Press, 1979. Robinson, D. N. Toward a science of human nature: Essays on the psychologies of Hegel,. Mill, Wundt and lames. New York: Columbia U niversity Press, 1983. Skinner, B. F. About beha�iorism. New York: Knopf, 1 974. Tolman, E. C. Cognitive maps in rats and men. Psychological Review, 1948, 55, 1 89-208.
If it is valued, meaningful thinking can be "sought" by learning, and causing to be realized, the circumstances that bear some probability relation to its occurrence. Highly meaningful thought episodes can be triggered only under special situational and neural conditions of the organism, some (but not all) of which are accessible to control. The statistical incidence of highly meaningful thinking in populations-whether these be subparts of a society or culture, entire societies or cultures, or indeed, populations "defined" by historical epochs-varies within limits.
So strongly does it see knowledge under such aspects that it sometimes seems to suppose the object of inquiry to be an ungainly and annoying irrelevance. The terms and relations of the object of inquiry or the problem are seen, as it were, through an inverted telescope: detail, structure, quiddity are obliterated. Objects of knowledge become caricatures, if not faceless, and thus they lose reality. The world, or any given part of it, is not felt fully or passionately and is perceived as devoid of objective value.
A Century of psychology as science by Sigmund Koch, David E. Leary